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Part 6

This section contains chapters ranging from pages 588 to 729 in the Table of Contents

This section contains chapters ranging from pages 626 to 729 in the Proceedings Table of Contents.

 Click on "View All" below to access the papers in this section.

You can download the full PDF (including tables and graphs) for each paper, by going to each of the papers individually. Just click on the "PDF" link under each abstract.

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Desenvolvimento local e processos de educação formal e não formal – relações realçadas pela avaliação de projectos

Manuela Terrasêca Alexandra Sá Costa João Caramelo

With this paper we intend to reflect on the articulation between educational intervention and local development processes. This reflection is based in three evaluations of intervention projects developed by the authors. Therefore we’ll: i) discuss the articulation between formal and non-formal educational strategies and local development; ii) characterise sociocultural methodologies of community intervention; iii) appreciate how educational intervention can contribute to emphasize local development strategies.

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Construyamos juntos una comunidad educativa libre de violencia

Sara E. Ruiz Vallejo, Susana Ruiz Pimentel, María José García Oramas

Let’s build a violence free educational community together, is the slogan of an applied research project working with young men and women between the ages of 14 and 18 years, who are students in the Telebachillerato system in the state of Veracruz, Mexico, due to conclude at the end of 2009.
The project is formulated in four stages: 1) Inquiry, 2) Group intervention, 3) Development of support material and 4) Formulation of Public Policies. This research demonstrates the results of the inquiries carried out on violence in communities.

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Sesgo endogrupal, metaestereotipos y emociones hacia el exogrupo entre inmigrantes en España

Dr. José Juan Vázquez, Anabel Díaz Aberasturi, Dra. Sonia Panadero

Se presentan los datos preliminares de un trabajo realizado en la ciudad de Guadalajara (España) sobre una muestra de inmigrantes procedentes de países con bajos niveles de desarrollo. El trabajo pretende profundizar en los metaestereotipos, el choque cultural y las estrategias de integración de los grupos de inmigrantes más numerosos en la ciudad de Guadalajara, concretamente grupos de origen latinoamericano, de Europa del Este y África. Como criterios de inclusión muestral se consideró ser de origen extranjero, proceder de un país con un menor nivel de desarrollo que España, tener más de 14 años y llevar menos de 10 años de estancia en España. La muestra inicial se encuentra compuesta por 100 personas inmigrantes procedentes de Latinoamérica (55,4%), Europa del Este (23,8%) y África (20,8%). La muestra presenta una media de edad de 32,02 años y una media de estancia en España de 4,5 años.

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Prejuicio hacia los inmigrantes entre los jóvenes de Guadalajara (España)

Dr. José Juan Vázquez, Anabel Díaz Aberasturi, Dra. Sonia Panadero

En el trabajo se analizan las diferencias en actitudes racistas entre los jóvenes de Guadalajara, evaluadas mediante la “Escala de racismo moderno” (Navas, 1998; García, Navas, Cuadrado y Molero, 2003).
Sobre una población de 16.744 jóvenes de entre 14 y 30 años censados en la ciudad de Guadalajara se realizó un muestreo aleatorio estratificado por sexo, edad y área de residencia. A fin de reducir el error de muestreo hasta 0,03, se estableció el tamaño muestral en 1.044 jóvenes. La muestra final se compone por 541 varones (51,8%) y 503 mujeres (48,2%), siendo la media de edad de 22,7 años.

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Sentido de comunidad y bienestar en usuarios de asociaciones sociales de salud

Ma Teresa Vega, Ma Augusta Pereira

Las asociaciones sociales son contextos comunitarios que contribuyen al bienestar de sus usuarios a través de los procesos de influencia social que desarrollan. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar en qué medida las asociaciones, al formar parte de la red de apoyo de los usuarios, contribuyen al desarrollo de un sentido de comunidad en sus miembros y en qué grado éste determina el bienestar psicológico a través de procesos sociocognitivos. La muestra está formada por 113 sujetos afectados por problemas de salud de entre 13 y 80 años que recibían servicios de 22 asociaciones sociales y de salud.

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Leisure, information needs and social participation of outskirts young people in Murcia (Spain)

Juan J. VERA, Jose. A. LOPEZ-PINA, Gabriel NAVARRO

A representative stratified sample (age mean=22.7 years; sex: 50.8% males, 49.2% females) of 626 young people was randomly selected in a group of suburbs and minor rural localities (pedanías) of Murcia Borough (Spain). The outskirts young were interviewed and responded a wide questionnaire including among others a set of items already verified in conventional youth surveys. Means comparisons, factorial analysis and logistic regression (SPSS v. 14) summarize compile data. The aims of study were to explore practices and opinions about weekly and weekend leisure, information needs and problems and opportunities for social participation, in order to improve the action of a Youth Information Centre (InformaJoven).

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Hemophilia: Promoting health in children

María José Baqueiro Victorín & Nancy Marine Evia Alamilla

One of the main goals in childhood is to be independent. It is an ability normally developed by children when they have good conditions. But, when children have a chronic illness such as hemophilia, they have affliction and experience stress especially when they have to be in hospitals and have diagnosis and therapeutic processes that can be aggressive and painful. The reason for this affliction is because they have not developed good coping strategies and, as they grow up, they get more conscious of their illness, and it makes them feel uncertainty.

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Strategies to promote resilience in families of low income exposed to social and environmental risks

Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

The investigations of processes and possibilities of resilience in families who live poverty is an issue related to the Positive Psychology movement. This discussion is important because it helps to question ideological concepts and build a new professional approach more oriented to healthy aspects of human development rather than the pathological ones. The framework of the key processes for family resilience considers that families can emerge stronger and more resourceful in meeting and coping successfully with challenges. The present work aims to propose strategies to promote the development of resilience in families at risk based on the improvement of the relational quality of the professional’s services who deal with families.

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Sense of community in the work context. A study on members of a co-operative enterprise

Bruna Zani, Elvira Cicognani

This study investigates the psychological relationship between the individual, the work organization and the community context. In particular, the influence of organizational (Organizational Sense of community, Organizational identification, Organizational efficacy, Perceived Organizational values) and community variables (Sense of community referred to the local community) on workers’ psychological well being was assessed, taking into account a particular work context: the co-operative enterprise.