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Douglas D. Perkins, Manuel Garc√≠a-Ram√≠rez, Isabel Menezes, Irma Serrano-Garc√≠a, and Melissa Strompolis (USA, Spain, Portugal, Puerto Rico)
We introduce a special issue on public policy research, advocacy, and training by community psychologists that grew out of the Fifth International Community Psychology Conference held in Fortaleza, Brazil.Read more...
Democracy, Social Participation and Social Control of Public Policy in Brazil: The Experience of Forums for the Education of Young People and Adults of Brazil
Mirian Patricia Burgos, Joaquim Lu√≠s Coimbra, Pedro Ferreira (Portugal)
O artigo apresenta o surgimento e a trajet√≥ria do movimento social dos F√≥runs da Educa√ß√£o de Jovens e Adultos do Brasil (F√≥runs da EJA do Brasil), a partir da d√©cada de 1990, como dispositivo de controle social exercido pela sociedade civil organizada frente √†s a√ß√Ķes do Estado nesse campo.
This paper presents how the social movement of the Forums for the Education of Young People and Adults of Brasil (Forums EJA of Brazil) came to be and developed, from the 1990s on, as an instance of control of state actions in the field by organized groups of civil society.Read more...
J. Taylor Scott, J‚ÄôVonnah Maryman (USA)
Community practitioners must leverage a variety of tools in order to promote and advocate for social change. Social media are relatively innovative tools for informing and mobilizing communities in an advocacy effort. As part of a coordinated effort, social media align well with the principles of community psychology by enabling individuals to contribute to participatory dialogue about social issues, collaborate on change efforts, and establish a sense of community. This article presents findings from an extensive literature review to serve as a resource for community practitioners on ways to enhance advocacy efforts with social media.Read more...
The Challenge of Equity in
Health Policies Aimed at the Roma Population in Spain
Manuel Garc√≠a-Ram√≠rez, Marta Escobar-Ballesta, Tona Lizana, Mar√≠a-Jes√ļs Albar (Spain)
En este art√≠culo abordamos la contribuci√≥n de la psicolog√≠a comunitaria en la formulaci√≥n de pol√≠ticas de salud p√ļblica transformadoras dirigidas al pueblo gitano. La brecha en salud entre la minor√≠a gitana y el resto de la poblaci√≥n en Europa, ha conducido a la Organizaci√≥n Internacional para las Migraciones a implementar el proyecto Equi-Health. Su finalidad es redefinir las pol√≠ticas de salud dirigidas al pueblo gitano desde los principios de equidad y justicia social.
In this paper we address the contribution of the community psychology to the formulation of transformative public health policies for the Roma. The gap in health between the Roma and the rest of population in Europe has led the International Organization for Migration to implement the Equi-Health Project. Its aim is to redefine public health policies addressed to the Roma from the values of equity and social justice.Read more...
Community practice and the work of Landless Workers' Movement (MST) with children and adolescents in Ribeir√£o Preto/SP - Brasil
Ana Paula Soares da Silva, Juliana Bezzon da Silva, Leandro Amorim Rosa, Regiane Sbroion de Carvalho, Ana Cec√≠lia Oliveira Silva, Thaise Vieira (Brazil)
O artigo relata a experi√™ncia de pr√°tica comunit√°ria do LAPSAPE que, nos anos de 2007 a 2012, por solicita√ß√£o do setor de educa√ß√£o do Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra ‚Äď MST, realizou atividades em um assentamento de reforma agr√°ria, localizado na cidade de Ribeir√£o Preto, Estado de S√£o Paulo, Brasil. A atua√ß√£o foi orientada pela perspectiva te√≥rica e metodol√≥gica hist√≥rico-cultural, articulando conhecimentos da Psicologia do Desenvolvimento e Psicologia Social-Comunit√°ria.
The aim of this article is to present the experience of community practice of LAPSAPE in an agrarian reform settlement, located in the city of Ribeir√£o Preto, State of S√£o Paulo, Brazil. The practice was conducted, during the years 2007 to 2012, at the invitation of the Landless Workers Movement ‚Äď MST. The cultural-historical psychological perspective and the link between Developmental Psychology and Community Psychology oriented the activities.Read more...
Irma Serrano-Garc√≠a and Eduardo A. Lugo-Hern√°ndez (Puerto Rico)
For many years, psychology in Puerto Rico was considered an individual-level positivistic science with a neutral stance towards socio-political issues. However, during recent years psychologists on the Island have become more involved in policy issues. Initially this was the result of the pioneering work of some individuals. More recently, systematic efforts have been supported by research within the social-community psychology program at the University of Puerto Rico and by the Puerto Rico Psychology Association (PRPA). This article will:
Por muchos a√Īos la psicolog√≠a en Puerto Rico se consideraba una ciencia positivista de intervenciones a nivel individual con una postura neutral hacia asuntos socio-pol√≠ticos. Sin embargo, en a√Īos recientes los psic√≥logos/as en la Isla se han involucrado m√°s en pol√≠tica p√ļblica. Inicialmente este fue el resultado del trabajo de algunos pioneros/as. Algunos esfuerzos sistem√°ticos han sido apoyados por investigaciones desde el √Ārea Social-Comunitaria de la Universidad de Puerto Rico y por la Asociaci√≥n de Psicolog√≠a de P.R (APPR). En este art√≠culo
Anti-stigma Practices as the Linchpin of Community Work in Mental Health
Pamela Grand√≥n Fern√°ndez, Rafael Dresdner Vicencio, Marcelo Sanhueza Vallejos, Pamela Vaccari Jim√©nez (Chile)
El estigma es la principal causa de sufrimiento en personas que reciben un diagn√≥stico psiqui√°trico. Por esto el Centro de Rehabilitaci√≥n Diurno ‚ÄúLuz de Luna‚ÄĚ se dio a la tarea de organizar anualmente las Jornadas ‚Äúanti-estigma‚ÄĚ, cuyo objetivo fue generar un espacio de reflexi√≥n, debate y sinergia de experiencias sobre la forma de combatir el estigma y resguardar los derechos de las personas en salud mental.
Stigma is the main cause of suffering in people who receive a psychiatric diagnosis. Hence, the ‚ÄúMoonlight‚ÄĚ Rehabilitation Center decided to annually organize the ‚Äúanti-stigma‚ÄĚ sessions, aimed to generate a reflection, debate and synergy space of experiences in order to fight stigma and protect the rights of people in mental health.Read more...
The construction of public policy in the field of drugs: Health standards, territorial pacification and low-threshold psychology
Sim√£o Mata and Lu√≠s Fernandes (Portugal)
O presente artigo centra-se sobre a recente constru√ß√£o duma pol√≠tica p√ļblica em Portugal no campo das drogas, cujos eixos fundamentais s√£o a redu√ß√£o de riscos e minimiza√ß√£o de danos (RRMD) e a descriminaliza√ß√£o do consumo e da posse para consumo de todas as drogas il√≠citas.
This paper focuses on the recent elaboration of a public policy on drugs in Portugal, the main axes of which are risk and harm reduction (RHR), together with the decriminalization of use and possession for use of all illicit drugs.Read more...
J‚ÄôVonnah Maryman, Melissa Strompolis, Kenneth I. Maton, Douglas D. Perkins (USA)
Interest in social policy work has been on the rise in the Society for Community Research and Action (SCRA). SCRA‚Äôs Public Policy Committee aims to affect local, state, and national policy on topics relevant to community psychology through advocacy, collaboration, and capacity building.Read more...
Environmental racism and struggles for recognition of people in the Amazon forest
Alessandro de Oliveira dos Santos, Gustavo Martineli Massola, Lu√≠s Guilherme Gale√£o da Silva, and Bernardo Parodi Svartman (Brazil)
Na Amaz√īnia, os recursos naturais e as externalidades negativas produzidas no ambiente t√™m sido distribu√≠dos ao longo do tempo conforme a ra√ßa-etnia das popula√ß√Ķes que vivem na regi√£o, estabelecendo uma rela√ß√£o inexor√°vel entre acesso ao patrim√īnio ambiental, problemas ecol√≥gicos e desigualdades sociais. Neste artigo, discutimos as lutas por reconhecimento de direitos territoriais e pelo manejo de princ√≠pios ativos (√°gua, g√°s natural, pedras preciosas, entre outros) pelas popula√ß√Ķes tradicionais da Amaz√īnia (ind√≠genas, ribeirinhos, quilombolas), sob a perspectiva do racismo ambiental.
In the Amazon, natural resources and the negative externalities produced in the environment have been distributed over time according to the race-ethnicity of people living in the region, establishing an inexorable link between access to environmental heritage, ecological problems and social inequalities. In this article, we discuss the struggles for recognition of territorial rights and the management of active ingredients (water, natural gas, precious stones, among others) by traditional Amazonian populations (indigenous, riveraine, maroon), from the perspective of environmental racism.Read more...
Melissa Strompolis, Megan Branham, Whitney Tucker, Heidi Aakjer (USA)
Despite being largely preventable, unintentional injuries are the leading cause of pediatric mortality in the state of South Carolina, USA. Deliberate policy is needed to encourage transformative change in preventing childhood injuries. However, injury prevention advocates across the state have yet to formalize a collective message to effectively engage policymakers regarding injury prevention issues. To address this concern, this study surveyed Safe Kids South Carolina child injury prevention advocates as well as state legislators and legislative staff with the goal of assessing and growing current knowledge of injury prevention and capacity to engage in legislative advocacy.Read more...
Impact of Public Policy for the Promotion of Sex Education: The Portuguese Case
Ana Cristina Rocha and Cid√°lia Duarte (Portugal)
A Europa √©, provavelmente, o continente com a mais longa experi√™ncia no dom√≠nio da educa√ß√£o sexual. Contudo, s√£o as experi√™ncias desenvolvidas em territ√≥rio norte-americano que dominam os estudos de avalia√ß√£o do impacto da educa√ß√£o sexual. Segundo o gabinete europeu da OMS, esta domin√Ęncia deve-se, sobretudo, √† aus√™ncia, na Europa, de um processo de publica√ß√£o sistem√°tica das experi√™ncias e resultados nacionais no contexto internacional. √Č neste √Ęmbito que nos propomos a partilhar o caso de Portugal relativamente √†s pol√≠ticas de promo√ß√£o da educa√ß√£o sexual, com base numa perspetiva (bio)ecol√≥gica.
Europe has probably the greatest experience in sexuality education. However, in the most recent research on its impact evaluation, the majority of studies focused on experiences in US territory. According to the European Office of WHO, this dominance happens due to the absence in Europe of a systematic publishing process of national experiences and results on the international context. Therefore, we propose to share the case of Portuguese policies in promoting sexuality education, based on a (bio) ecological approach.Read more...
A key set of community psychology practice competencies directly or indirectly relate to policy. If community psychology sets our goals to create systemic community change then policy change is a critical and often under-reported component of our work.
In this article, I articulate ten important issues and concerns which Collective Impact fails to adequately acknowledge, understand, and address. These failings have serious consequences for the engaged communities. I welcome the community of activists and scholars who are engaged in coalitions, partnerships, and collaboratives to react, disagree and/or to add to the list of concerns.