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Part 2

Chapters including pages 170 to 307

This section contains chapters ranging from pages 170 to 307.

 Click on "View All" below to access the papers in this section.

You can download the full PDF (including tables and graphs) for each paper, by going to each of the papers individually. Just click on the "PDF" link under each abstract.
 


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Parent Education Programs: (Co)construction with Parents

Anabela Duarte Costa, Ana Cabrita, Luana Cunha Ferreira, Paula Encarnação, Patrícia Navalho, Isabel Narciso, Guida Mendes, Nelson Agapito & João Nogueira

The parent education / training programs that have been developed for the last two years at the Family Support and Parental Counselling Centre of NOS were developed for and with parents of children and youth at risk as a strategy to prevent and reduce child abuse and neglect. The weekly multi focused 3 hours sessions specifically target the parent¡¦s response to the child or youth needs previously evaluated according to the Framework Assessment of Children in Need and their Families (Department of Health, 2000).


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Standing against the coloniality of power: Claiming the right to democratic participation in the globalized neoliberal state

Mariolga Reyes Cruz

In this paper I look through the conceptual lenses of colonialiity of power (e.g., Quijano, Mignolo), social, cultural and political capital (e.g., Bourdieu, Chronic Poverty Research Centre) to examine ethnographic material from an action research project that aims to promote collective participation on education policy matters at a historically marginalized black and immigrant community in Puerto Rico.


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Compreendendo os Processos de Risco e Resiliência em Adolescentes que Vivem em Situações de Vulnerabilidade Social no Brasil

Débora Dalbosco Dell’Aglio

This work presents research developed at the Center for Studies and Research in Adolescence, at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, with adolescents who live in situations of social vulnerability. Risk and protection factors in the development of adolescents that live away from their families, in the streets and/or institutionalized in shelters, are discussed.


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Simbolismo do corpo e intervenção comunitária: contribuições feministas para a investigação-ação participativa

Aline Domício e Conceição Nogueira

Nosso trabalho é resultado da atuação em comunidades no município de Banabuiu, nordeste brasileiro, com mulheres vítimas de violência doméstica, considerando a interseção da psicologia social crítica e metodologias feministas. O objetivo é demonstrar a compreensão da tessitura social a partir da investigação-ação participativa com ênfase na simbologia do corpo. Realizamos ações em parceria com o poder público para levantamento de informações sobre os equipamentos sociais, formas de organização e modos de vida, além de promover a participação das famílias na discussão sobre a violência, através do fortalecimento do grupo de mulheres localmente estruturado.


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El uso de la imagen en el trabajo comunitario

Leonor M. Cantera Espinosa, Carmen Rodrigues Tatsch

En este trabajo resumimos el proceso y los resultados de dos experiencias en el uso de la imagen una herramienta para facilitar estos procesos de visibilización, señalamiento y expresión social de problemáticas y necesidades que permanecen latentes en determinadas comunidades que, por ello mismo, tardan en ser afrontadas activamente. En una de ellas, se utiliza la técnica del video antropológico como herramienta de investigación – intervención en el ámbito de la salud mental aplicada en comunidades de Río de Janeiro. En la otra, la imagen es utilizada en la fotointervención, que proporciona una base para la reflexión sobre las miradas y posturas que las personas pueden adoptar ante determinadas situaciones. Esta experiencia se desarrolla en el ámbito de la formación universitaria en la UAB de Barcelona.


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Community-Based Fire Preparedness Practice in High Density Area

Husnul Fitri, & Istiqomah Wibowo

Fire is one of the common disasters in Indonesia especially in many big cities including capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta. Although it is considered as human error factor and happened incidentally but fire has become a disaster because its effect to many aspect of community life. It also usually happens in high density area with low social-economic status. Thus, this intervention intends to empower vulnerable community against fire hazard.


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Program of Support and Attention to Families Who Live Socio Environmental Vulnerabilities in the South of Brazil

Narjara Mendes Garcia, Adriana Matos de Carvalho Mendes, André Lemes da Silva, Camila Dorneles de Vargas, Angela Torma Pietro, Simone de Biazzi Ávila Batista da Silveira; Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

This program has its origin in the partnership of the Center for the Studies of At-Risk Populations (CEP-RUA) and the Center for Children and Adolescents’Attention (CAIC) of the Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande. Both centers joined efforts to potentialize actions towards interventions in order to better understand and assist families who live poverty in the surround areas of the Federal University, in the extreme south of Brazil. The program has been developing psychoeducational and social activities aiming to attend children, adolescents and their families as well as the social agents who work for the services in the social support network such as, teachers, community health agents, social youth counselors and community leaders of the neighborhoods.


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Social cohesion, perceived safety and immigration in a run-down district in Reggio Emilia

Dino Giovannini, Barbara Ferrari, Andrea Pintus e Loris Vezzali

The aim of this study is to analyze the representations and perceptions of people living in five streets of districts 6 and 7 of Reggio Emilia (Italy), in terms of perceived safety and specific problems related to the immigration process and to intergroup relations. In this part of the city, called “railway station zone”, about 70% of the residents are foreigners. Reggio Emilia is the Italian city included in the 12 Intercultural Cities Program of the European Commission Project on immigration and best practices.


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The role of leadership on Child Protective Services

Ana Margarida Graça & Ana Passos

Recent research shows that team’s reflexivity upon their objectives, strategies and processes enhances team effectiveness. However, the role that leaders play in this process needs to be clarified. The present study aims to investigate the mediation role of leadership in the relationship between team reflexivity and perceived performance in child protection teams.


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Training service users to become community researchers for effective engagement within a Participatory action research (PAR) framework

Jo Hobbs

The paper is a work in progress, presented by Jo Hobbs on behalf of all the people who participated and are involved in the project. When the paper goes to publication all those who participated will be formally acknowledged as co-authors. This presentation will highlight: facilitating collaborative working and community capacity building whilst simultaneously empowering and encouraging greater participation and employment of community researchers. This paper seeks to contribute to the wider remit around engaging service user researchers within health and social care services by focusing on detailing the delivery of high quality context specific as well as broad based training for a group of community researchers recruited by Manchester Metropolitan University.


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Parejas mixtas e inmigracion: Analisis del apoyo social

Ma Isabel Hombrados Mendieta y Gianluigi Mosca/o

Uno de los fenomenos mas relevantes por su dimension, complejidad y actualidad, causado principalmente por los procesos migratorios, es el que se denomina matrimonio mixto. En el presente estudio entendemos por pareja mixta, aquella union entre individuos que pertenecen a contextos culturales, nacionales, y/o religiosos diferentes. Nos planteamos analizar las caracteristicas psicosociales de las parejas mixtas y la percepcion de apoyo social como un elemento fundamental para facilitar la integracion social de las familias multiculturales.


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Espacio técnico de la Psicología Comunitaria en el contexto del Sistema de Servicios Sociales españoles: Sondeo exploratorio de tres Servicios Sociales Generales

Jaime Alfaro Inzunza

Este estudio, en curso, tiene como Antecedentes : 1) La participación de psicólogos en políticas sociales es un hecho nuevo, de gran relevancia para la construcción de los diversos campos de intervención social desarrollados en Psicología (Psicología Comunitaria, Psicología de la Intervención Social, Intervención Psicosocial, Psicología Social Aplicada); 2) La escasa literatura disponible muestra la presencia de importantes grados de tensión y desencuentro, entre las orientaciones técnicas y paradigmáticas de las distintas especialidades de la Psicología relacionadas, y las estrategias de las políticas sociales; 3) Los estudios disponibles utilizan básicamente perspectivas conceptuales “etic” o normativo-externas a estos desempeños, siendo relevante la realización de investigaciones basadas en una perspectiva “emic”.


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Shifting borders - Exploring the relationship between women’s mobility and place belonging

Barbara Iuliano

The complex relationship between homeland and host-society reveals new forms of belonging and self-representation, which are related to migrant’s uncertain conditions of existence and multiple interconnections (Iuliano, 2007). The present work aims to preliminary explore the dynamics of place attachment and identity redefinition among foreign women in Italy. The research has been carried out combining complementary methods: documentary research, observation, in-depth interviews and narrative accounts. The main part of the fieldwork took place in Naples, Italy - by means of in-depth interviews with women from Latin America, Eastern-Europe, Balkans and Africa. As revealed by content and thematic analysis of the verbatim transcripts, variables such as time of permanence in the site and geo-cultural context of origin, connote in different ways the emerging of a transitional space of belonging and of an ‘in-between identity’ (Bhabha, 1994).

 


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Adaptive and Engaging Leadership With Purpose in a Shifting World

James R. Calvin, Ph.D.

The uncertainty of changing times will lead to new global realities for all communities during the present era and globalization journey that will continue as will the shifting and changing of national leaders, human crises, the ups and downs of commerce and innovation, and community and public desires for solutions and outcomes that are both found and missed as time comes and time moves on forward. In this vein, there is the daily reality of survival in many communities while considering how and why and when to engage the state of what already is and the factors to consider for what is possible to happen locally, regionally and because of the rapid and far reaching influence of world events that will undoubtedly present challenges from which there will also rise opportunity as evidenced by informal and formal gatherings such as the World Economic Forum, United Nations activities, European Union activities and other forums in future years to come.


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Games for participation and conscientisation

Carolyn Kagan and Karen Duggan

Information sharing and group processes are dominated by words - spoken and written words. This session will explore how different kinds of games can be used to stimulate ideas, encourage participation and discussion and lead to awareness. We will offer session participants the opportunity to take part in 2 games and share experiences about their strengths and weaknesses for community engagement and conscientisation. Each game has been developed by the community psychology team at Manchester Metropolitan University from collaborative projects on community cohesion and health inequalities. The games can be played by 4-10 players. They are not simulations and will not require role playing, although they will be fun and participative!


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Intergenerational work, social capital and wellbeing

Carolyn Kagan, Anne-Marie Micallef, Asiya Siddiquee, Iyabo Fatimilehin, Amira Hassan, Carla de Santis, Reheela Ali, Tunde Zack Williams, Geoff Bunn

We will report on two intergenerational projects. The first is a School based project, wherein older people work as volunteers in primary and secondary schools in three different localities of the outer city of Manchester. The second is a project with Families in the community, involving older and younger men within families of Somali and Yemeni communities in the inner city (Liverpool).


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