Join us on Facebook
Add Comment

Part 2

Community-Based Fire Preparedness Practice in High Density Area

Community-Based Fire Preparedness Practice in High Density Area

Husnul Fitri
DKI Jakarta House of Representatives, Indonesia
Email: rum1328@yahoo.com;hufi50@ui.edu

Istiqomah Wibowo
Applied Psychology-Social Intervention Department, Faculty of Psychology,
University of Indonesia
Email:isitqomahwibowo@yahoo.com

Abstract
Fire is one of the common disasters in Indonesia especially in many big cities including capital city of Indonesia, Jakarta. Although it is considered as human error factor and happened incidentally but fire has become a disaster because its effect to many aspect of community life. It also usually happens in high density area with low social-economic status. Thus, this intervention intends to empower vulnerable community against fire hazard.
Research focuses at the aspect of preparedness based on social-cognitive model (Paton, 2006). It is used to elaborate the factors of intention to prepare including critical awareness, sense of community, action coping, and outcome expectancy of the community as the basic to design an intervention in order to develop a proper form of risk communication that match with local community need. Then, vulnerability and capacity assessment technique is used to obtain the whole picture about community’s vulnerabilities and capacities. Intervention strategy was directed to organize community preparedness through local organization and enhance community capacity against fire hazard.

Results from this intervention indicate that fire preparedness can be an effective way to improve community capacity. The results also show that intervention succeed to : 1) improve community knowledge about fire preparedness; 2) improve community outcome expectancy through specific behavior change; 3) build local community alertness team ; 4) form nonformal information sharing about fire preparedness within community. These results strengthen previous research stating that the success of community-based fire preparedness intervention program need to pay attention to locality aspect and the participation of community as primary source of support.

Keywords: Fire hazards, preparedness, intention to prepare, risk communication

 


Author

Husnul Fitri, Istiqomah Wibowo

Husnul Fitri
DKI Jakarta House of Representatives, Indonesia
Email: rum1328@yahoo.com;hufi50@ui.edu

Istiqomah Wibowo
Applied Psychology-Social Intervention Department, Faculty of Psychology,
University of Indonesia
Email:isitqomahwibowo@yahoo.com


Comments (0)

Add Comment

About this Article

Add Comment

PdfDownload the PDF version to access the complete article.

Printer FriendlyPrinter friendly version

Keywords: Fire hazards, preparedness, intention to prepare, risk communication, 2nd ICCP, gjcpp